Bone spurs, also known as osteophytes, are bony projections that develop along the edges of bones. They can occur in many body parts, including the spine, shoulders, hips, knees, and feet. Here are some common causes of bone spurs:
- Aging: As we age, the cartilage in our joints can wear down, causing the bones to rub against each other. This can lead to the growth of bone spurs.
- Joint damage: Injuries to a joint, such as fractures or dislocation, can damage the cartilage and lead to bone spurs.
- Arthritis: Several types of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, can cause the growth of bone spurs.
- Genetics: Some people may be more prone to developing bone spurs due to inherited factors.
- Poor posture and alignment: Poor posture or alignment can put extra pressure on the bones and joints, developing bone spurs over time.
- Obesity: Being overweight can put extra stress on the joints, leading to bone spurs.
- Repetitive stress: Repetitive stress on a joint, such as from playing a sport or using a tool in the same way over and over, can cause bone spurs.
It’s important to note that not everyone with these risk factors will develop bone spurs, and some people without any of these risk factors may still get bone spurs. If you are experiencing joint pain or stiffness, seeing a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment is essential.
Here are some ways that bone spurs can affect mobility:
- Joint stiffness: Bone spurs can cause stiffness in the affected joint, making it difficult to move or bend.
- Reduced range of motion: Depending on their location, bone spurs can limit the range of motion of a joint. This can make it difficult to perform certain activities, such as reaching overhead or bending down.
- Pain: Bone spurs can cause pain in the affected joint, particularly when the joint is moved or used.
- Muscle weakness: If a bone spur is large enough, it can pressure the muscles or tendons surrounding the joint. This can cause weakness or fatigue in those muscles, affecting mobility.
- Nerve compression: Bone spurs can also compress nearby nerves, which can cause numbness, tingling, or weakness in the affected area.
Overall, the severity of the mobility impairment caused by bone spurs depends on the location and size of the spur, as well as the underlying condition that caused it to develop. Treatment options may include medications, physical therapy, or surgery, depending on the severity of the symptoms.
Treat bone spurs without any kind of surgery
Regenerative medicine experts like QC Kinetix (Winter Park) have developed several non-surgical techniques for treating bone spurs. These techniques include injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or stem cells to promote healthy tissue growth and reduce inflammation in the affected area.
Physical therapy and exercises designed to improve mobility and reduce pressure on the affected joint can also be beneficial. In some cases, using orthotics or shoe inserts can also be helpful. With these non-surgical approaches, regenerative medicine experts can effectively treat bone spurs while avoiding the risks and recovery time associated with surgery.